Original Tensegrity Patents

Three men have been considered the inventors of Tensegrity: Richard Buckminster Fuller, David Georges Emmerich and Kenneth D. Snelson. As a precaution, these names have been mentioned in chronological order of their granted patents: Fuller-13 Nov 1962; Emmerich-28 Sep 1964; Snelson-16 Feb 1965.

In which follows, it is possible to access to the original documents of their patents, in order to check their original work and innovative proposals.

Richard Buckminster Fuller:

"Tensile-Integrity Structures". U.S. Patent No. 3,063,521. 13 Nov 1962

"Suspension Building" (also called aspension). U.S. Patent No. 3,139,957. 7 Jul 1964

"Non-symmetrical Tension-Integrity Structures". U.S. Patent No. 3,866,366. 18 Feb 1975

David George Emmerich:

"Construction de Reseaux Autotendants", French Patent No. 1,377,290. 28 Sep 1964

"Structures Linéaires Autotendants", French Patent No. 1,377,291. 28 Sep 1964

Kenneth Snelson:

"Continuous Tension, Discontinuous Compression Structure". U.S. Patent No. 3,169,611. 6 Feb 1965